Lake Nakuru is known all over the world for its flamingos, it is also alkaline and is recognized as being one of the natural wonders of the world. In 1961, the southern two-thirds of the lake was established as a sanctuary to protect the flamingos and in 1967 Nakuru was declared a national park.
There is nothing more synonymous with the Rift Valley than its flamingos. Lake Nakuru is now also a rhino sanctuary, habouring a population of over 40 black and over 60 white rhino; but the flamingos, of course have always been the main attraction. At times there may be almost two million flamingos in residence, forming a stunningly beautiful deep-pink band around the edges of the lake shore. Although over 400 species of bird have been recorded at Nakuru, they are not the only attraction the lake has to offer; over 50 species of mammal have been recorded and it is perhaps the place in Kenya to see leopard. Troops of black-and-white colobus monkeys can be seen in the yellow-barked acacias and giraffe was translocated here; they have multiplied and are now a common sight.
The most famous of the Rift Valley lakes, Nakuru is a soda lake set within the 62 sq km park, renowned for its magnificent array of spectacular birdlife. It is the migratory flocks of thousands of greater and lesser flamingo that really create the attraction here, when the lake’s shallow waters turn pink with their vast numbers. Black and white rhino, the rare Rothschild’s giraffe, a small herd of buffalo, dik dik, klipspringer, eland, the occasional leopard and many other plains game are also found here.